New Physics Book in the E&S Library (missed yesterday)

Perhaps it was lurking in an alternate universe:

Einstein’s Struggles with Quantum Theory: A Reappraisal / Dipankar Home and Andrew Whitaker.   QC 16.E5H655 2007

Review

From the reviews:

“The book is serious, competent, and most engaging. Its declared aim is a reappraisal of Einstein’s critical attitude toward quantum theory. … I recommend Einstein’s Struggles with Quantum Theory to physicists who are interested in their past and to historians and philosophers who are curious about today’s quantum physics.” (Tilman Sauer, Physics Today, May, 2008 )

“This fascinating book presents and defends Einstein’s work on quantum theory. … Let me sum up by saying that I recommend this book in the very highest of terms: Home and Whitaker have produced a wonderful book that will appeal to physicists, historians, and philosophers alike. … Indeed, this book constitutes an excellent argument for quantum foundations research. Furthermore, although nominally about Einstein’s views, given its range, simplicity, and clarity I think it would make an excellent ‘first encounter’ with quantum theory.” (Dean Rickles, Mathematical Reviews, Issue 2008 )

Product Description

Einstein’s Struggles with Quantum Theory: A Re-Appraisal, presents an account of all aspects of Einstein’s encounter with quantum theory. Until recently it was accepted that, after important early work, Einstein was simply unable to follow Niels Bohr’s approach to quantum theory, and that Einstein’s own views, centered on realism, were of no interest. This book follows modern scholarship arguing that Einstein’s arguments were well constructed, in the Einstein-Bohr debate his position was legitimate, and his pragmatic approach to realism stimulated John Bell and encouraged the emergence of quantum information theory. The book provides a readable account of Einstein’s achievements in quantum theory, his own views, and the progress his work has stimulated since his death. While some chapters use mathematics at an undergraduate physics level, a path is provided for the reader more concerned with ideas than equations, and the book should be of interest to anybody interested in Einstein and his approach to the quantum.

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New Physics Books at the E&S Library

Matt Marsteller, Head, Science Libraries Product descriptions are those given to Amazon by the publisher.

Collected works / Niels Henrik David Bohr.  QC 3.B584 VOL. 13

This is the Cumulative Subject Index to our set of Niels Bohr’s Collected Works.

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X-Ray scattering of soft matter / N. Stribeck.  QC 173.458.S62S87 2007

Product Description
Applications of X-ray scattering to soft matter have advanced considerably within recent years, both conceptually and technically – mature high-power X-ray sources, synchrotrons and rotating anodes, as well as high-speed detectors have become readily available. High-quality time-resolved experiments on polymer structure now can be performed with ease, a major advancement due to the genuine power of the scattering method.

This manual summarizes the analytical power of modern X-ray scattering in the field of soft matter. Description of simple tools that can elucidate the mechanisms of structure evolution in the studied materials is followed by a step-for-step guide and breakdown of the more advanced methods. Data analysis based on clear, unequivocal results is rendered simple and straightforward – with a stress on the carefully planning of the experiments and adequate recording of all required data. To this end, this book serves as a useful ready-reference guide.

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Basic superfluids / Tony Guenault.  QC 175.4.G84 2003

Product Description
The author describes superfluidity as the jewel in the crown of low temperature physics. At low enough temperatures, every substance in thermal equilibrium must become ordered. Since some materials remain fluid to the lowest temperatures, it is a fascinating question as to how this ordering can take place. The book assumes some basic knowledge of quantum, statistical and thermal physics, and builds on this background to give a readable introduction to the three superfluids of low temperature physics. The book emphasizes physical principles rather than technical detail, with the aim of introducing the subject in an accessible yet authoritative way to final year undergraduates or starting graduate students.

About the Author
Tony Guenault is with Lancaster University in the UK.

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Advances in geophysics, Volume 50: Earth heterogeneity and scattering effects on seismic waves / edited by Haruo Sato and Michael C. Fehler.  QC 801.A283 Vol. 50 2008.

Book Description
Recent developments in wave theory and observation

Product Description
Seismic waves generated by earthquakes have been interpreted to provide us information about the Earth’s structure across a variety of scales. For short periods less than 1 second, the envelope of seismograms changes significantly with increased travel distance and coda waves are excited by scattering due to randomly distributed heterogeneities in the Earth. Deterministic structures such as horizontally uniform velocity layer models in traditional seismology cannot explain these phenomena. This book focuses on the Earth heterogeneity and scattering effects on seismic waves. Topics covered are recent developments in wave theory and observation including: coda wave analysis for mapping medium heterogeneity and monitoring temporal variation of physical properties, radiation of short-period seismic waves from an earthquake fault, weak localization of seismic waves, attenuation of seismic waves in randomly porous media, synthesis of seismic wave envelopes in short periods, laboratory investigations of ultrasonic wave propagation in rock samples.

*Understanding new methods for the analysis of short-period seismic waves to characterize the random heterogeneity of the Earth on many scales.
*Observations of seismic wave scattering. Discussion of techniques for mapping medium heterogeneity and for monitoring temporal change in medium characteristics.
* Up-to-date techniques for the synthesis of wave envelopes in random media.

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Climate variability, predictability and climate risks: A European perspective / Edited by Heinz Wanner and others.  QC 989.A1C5826 2006

Editorial Reviews

Product Description
This book provides an integrated assessment of issues related to climate variability and change, predictability and risks. The book deals with both the technical aspects of variability and (abrupt) climate change and the agricultural and economical impacts and consequences.

About the Author
Heinz Wanner is the head of the Climate Research Group and Director of the NCRR Management Center.

Regine Rothlisberger is a Science Officer with the NCCR Climate Management Center.

Elena Xoplaki is a Science Officer with the NCCR Climate Management Center.


Fun at the water faucet

Matt (a little bit thinner)

Matt (a little bit thinner)

On the flight out to the American Library Association Midwinter Meeting in Denver, CO, I decided to take along a book I’ve been wanting to read.  It’s Deep Down Things by Bruce A. Schumm.  In Chapter 2, Schumm describes a simple experiment that can be done in the home with a comb and a water faucet.  It helps for it to be a cold dry winter day as well.  First I got the faucet stream to be very thin and continuous (no droplets).  Then I combed my hair quickly about a dozen times and held the comb near (but not touching the flow).  It’s amazing how much the flow redirects!  This was simply his example of easily viewing the electromagnetic force.  I’m reading the book to try and gain more understanding of some of the theories of particle physics and this particular book had reviews that spoke to me.  Now, I wouldn’t recommend this in an unbelievable arid Denver – I felt bad wasting the little bit of water, but this would have been cool back home.  I just couldn’t wait to try it though.  I guess there’s no fool like an old fool!  It’s a really good book by the way – we can only hope that Professor Schumm will eventually write another.

Interesting resource from Annenberg Media

I’m not sure if this will be helpful at the collegiate level, but the description sounds interesting.   It showed up in this week’s edition of the Scout Report (see the link at the bottom).

6.  Mathematics Illuminated [Macromedia Flash Player]
http://www.learner.org/courses/mathilluminated/

Everything (mathematics) is illuminated in this excellent thirteen-part series created by Annenberg Media for adult learners and high school teachers. As their website notes, the series “explores major themes in the field of mathematics, from humankind’s earliest study of prime numbers, to the cutting-edge mathematics used to reveal the shape of the universe.” First-time visitors can read a brief introduction to the series, and then look over some of the thirteen units, which include “Game Theory”, “Other Dimensions”, and “Geometries Beyond Euclid”. Each unit includes a relevant video segment (free registration required), a video transcript, and a different interactive feature designed to complement the material within. Also, visitors can take advantage of a glossary and a “Math Family Tree”, which highlights major mathematical discoveries from the year 25000 BCE to present-day Fields Medal winner, Grigori Perelman. [KMG]

From The Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout 1994-2009.
http://scout.wisc.edu/